Always follow the recommendations appearing on the product label. Use enough repellent to cover exposed skin or clothing. Don't apply [...]
Check the product label if you have questions-–repellents must specify their active ingredients. In some cases you will note the [...]
How does the percentage of active ingredient in a product relate to the amount of protection it gives?
Typically, the more active ingredient a product contains the longer it provides protection from mosquito bites. The concentration of different [...]
According to a study done in France on 1,400 pregnant women in 2006, there was no observable effect on pregnancy [...]
If I visit an area where mosquitoes with chikungunya have been reported and I get bitten am I likely to get sick?
While there is no way to tell for certain, a majority of people who become infected with chikungunya virus will [...]
Currently, there is no vaccine or medications to treat chikungunya.
The most important way to prevent the spread of MDR TB is to take all medications exactly as prescribed. No doses should be missed, and treatment should not be stopped early. Patients should tell the doctor if they are having trouble taking the medications. If patients plan to travel, they should make sure they have enough medicine to last while they are away.
Resistance to anti-TB drugs can occur when these drugs are misused or mismanaged. Examples include when patients do not complete their full course of treatment; when health care providers prescribe the wrong treatment, the wrong dose or length of time for taking the drugs; when the supply of drugs is not always available; or when the drugs are of poor quality.
Extensively drug resistant TB (XDR TB) is a rare type of MDR TB. XDR TB is defined as TB that is resistant to isoniazid and rifampin, plus resistant to any fluoroquinolone and at least one of three injectable second-line drugs.
The Tuberculosis Treatment & Control Clinic is located at 280 S. Decatur Blvd., Las Vegas, NV, 89107. The Clinic is open Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. (Closed for legal holidays/weekends) Appointments are highly recommended and can be scheduled by calling (702) 759-1370.
DOT is the standard of care for taking TB medication. All TB patients are placed on directly observed therapy, which enables us to watch you closely for side effects and ensures medicines are taken properly, not forgotten, and that you successfully complete a full course of therapy.
Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR TB) is TB that is resistant to at least two of the best drugs used to treat TB, isoniazid and rifampicin. These drugs are considered first-line drugs and are used to treat most people with TB disease.
If you have active TB disease of the lungs or throat, you are probably infectious. You will need to stay home from work or school, so you don’t spread TB bacteria to other people. When people are in your home, you will need to wear a mask over your mouth and nose to prevent spreading the disease.
Active TB can almost always be cured with medicine, but the medicine must be taken as directed or you risk the bacteria becoming resistant to the medicine. Several medications are used at the same time because there are so many TB bacteria to be killed. TB bacteria die very slowly; it takes at least 6 months for the medicine to kill all of the TB bacteria.
TB bacteria become active if the immune system can’t stop them from growing. The active bacteria begin to multiply in the body and cause active TB disease. The bacteria attack the body and destroy tissue. If this occurs in the lungs, the bacteria can actually create a hole in the lung.
TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The bacteria are put into the air when a person with active TB disease of the lungs or throat coughs or sneezes. People nearby may breathe in these bacteria and become infected.
You should get tested for TB if you have any of the following risk factors:
If you have a positive reaction to the TB test, the Health District will schedule a chest x-ray. A test of the phlegm you cough up may be required after your X-rays are reviewed.
The TB skin test is used to find out if you have TB infection. A small amount of testing fluid is injected just under the skin on the underside of the forearm. After two or three days, you must return to have your skin test read by a health care worker to determine if it is positive or negative. A positive result usually means that you have been infected by someone with active TB disease. If you miss the skin reading, the entire test will have to be given again.
Symptoms depend on where in the body the TB bacteria are growing. TB bacteria usually grow in the lungs. TB in the lungs may cause symptoms such as:
The Health District’s Vector Surveillance program has been looking for this species of mosquito since 2014. In addition to Southern [...]
If I live in an area or visit an area where mosquitoes with Zika have been reported and I am bitten am I likely to get sick?
While there is no way to tell for certain, a majority of people who become ill with Zika or other [...]
If I’m bitten by an Aedes mosquito, will I automatically get sick with Zika or one of the other diseases?
Not all mosquitoes carry diseases. Most people who are bitten by an Aedes or any other mosquito will not get [...]
Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus can spread Zika virus, dengue fever and chikungunya diseases. While many people who are infected [...]
How do I know if the mosquitoes at my house have Zika, West Nile or St. Louis Encephalitis or some other virus?
Unless mosquitoes are trapped by Vector Surveillance and tested at the Department of Agriculture, it would be impossible to [...]
How do I know if I have the Aedes mosquitoes in my yard? Will the Health District test mosquitoes in my yard?
If you are experiencing mosquito activity, especially daytime biting mosquitoes at your home, please contact the Vector Surveillance Program at [...]
The Aedes mosquito can transmit viruses like Zika, dengue fever and chikungunya. If you have been to an area where [...]
If they are found on one side of town, does it mean that there are no mosquitoes on the other side of town?
Mosquitoes can travel. Some can fly over a mile. Although Aedes aegypti are not strong fliers, it does not mean [...]
The Aedes aegypti mosquito has been identified in Clark County and can spread viruses like Zika, dengue, chikungunya.
Why is FDA leaving vaccine on the market that did not follow its own recommendations regarding sourcing of bovine derived materials?
The FDA has looked at the benefit of vaccines and the risk of vCJD from vaccine use. Vaccines have a [...]
No. The Public Health Service (PHS) recommends that all persons continue to be vaccinated according to current schedules. No evidence [...]
When will vaccine manufactures finish replacing cow-derived materials in vaccines with materials obtained from countries free of BSE?
All of the affected manufactures have agreed to implement these changes or have already done so. FDA anticipates that most [...]
Why is the Food and Drug Administration now requiring that vaccine manufacturers not use bovine-materials from cattle born, raised, or slaughtered in countries where BSE is known to exist or where there is a risk that BSE may exist?
The FDA is taking this action as a precautionary measure. This action is intended to reduce even the remote risk [...]
FDA has taken a number of measures to minimize any chance that the BSE could be introduced into biologic products [...]
How did FDA derive its risk estimates and decide the risk of vCJD from vaccines was remote and theoretical?
Scientists, regulatory authorities in Europe and the pharmaceutical industry of the U.S. have considered the risk of BSE in pharmaceutical [...]
There is no evidence to date that vaccines have contributed to the cases of vCJD seen in Europe. Nor is [...]
Both the FDA and its joint advisory committee concluded that the risk for vCJD posed by vaccines is theoretical and [...]
Which countries are on the U. S. Department of Agriculture list of countries where BSE is known to exist or where a substantial risk for BSE exists?
Initially, the USDA list included only countries and other regions in which BSE was known to exist, such as the [...]
Scientists have found that different bovine tissues contain different amounts of the BSE agent. It is generally believed that the [...]
Animal-derived products used in vaccine manufacture can include: Amino acids Glycerol Detergents Gelatin Enzymes Blood Cow milk is a source [...]
Vaccines contain either killed or weakened forms of disease-causing bacteria or viruses, or components of these that stimulate a response [...]
Some cases of variant Creutzfeldt- Jakob disease have been attributed to, among other possibilities, eating beef products from cattle infected [...]
No. People do not need to get an HPV test or PAP test to find out if they should get [...]
Yes. There are three reasons why women will still need regular cervical cancer screening. The vaccine will NOT protect against [...]
The Southern Nevada Health District participates in the Vaccines for Children (VFC) federal health program which covers the HPV vaccine. [...]
While some insurance companies may cover the vaccine, others may not. Most large insurance plans usually cover the costs of [...]
No studies have shown whether or not one or two doses protect as well as getting three doses, so it's [...]
The length of vaccine protection (immunity) is usually not known when a vaccine is first introduced. So far, studies have [...]
The vaccine has been widely tested in people 9 to 26 years old. But research on the vaccine’s safety and [...]
People who are sexually active may also benefit from the vaccine. But they may get less benefit from the vaccine [...]
Ideally, people should get the vaccine before they are sexually active. This is because the vaccine is most effective in [...]
Yes. Visit the Immunizations webpage for clinic locations and hours.
Since hepatitis B can be passed to them by blood or body fluid exposure, they should be tested to [...]
It is recommended that your child receive treatment within 12 hours of birth, however, they can receive the vaccine [...]
Yes. Breast-feeding is acceptable when your baby has received HBIG and the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine in [...]
Up to nine out of 10 babies born to infected mothers will end up being carriers for the rest [...]
Up to 90 percent of babies infected at birth with hepatitis B become carriers.Carriers of hepatitis B can pass it [...]
For more information contact your health care provider or the Immunization Clinic at (702) 759-0850.
Severe allergic reactions are very rare, but if they occur it would be a few minutes to just a few [...]