/What are some of the effects of hepatitis B on children?
  • Up to 90 percent of babies infected at birth with hepatitis B become carriers.
  • Carriers of hepatitis B can pass it on to others through sexual contact or blood exposure.
  • Fifteen to 25 percent of these carriers will ultimately die of liver failure.
  • About one-third of chronic hepatitis B infections in the United States start in perinatal and early childhood.
  • Hepatitis B causes hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) that kills about 1,000 Americans annually.
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