/What are some of the effects of hepatitis B on children?
  • Up to 90 percent of babies infected at birth with HBV become carriers.
  • Carriers of HBV can pass it on to others through sexual contact or blood exposure.
  • Fifteen to 25 percent of these carriers will ultimately die of liver failure.
  • About one-third of chronic HBV infections in the U.S. start in perinatal and early childhood.
  • HBV causes hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) that kills about 1,000 Americans annually.