/Does BSE or a similar disease occur in humans?

Yes. The human diseases are very rare and occur sporadically worldwide at a rate of about one case per one million people.

BSE belongs to a group of progressive degenerative neurological disease known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs). TSE diseases are always fatal.

The TSE diseases include:

  • Scrapie, which affects sheep and goats
  • Transmissible mink encephalopathy
  • Feline (cat) spongiform encephalopathy
  • Chronic wasting disease of deer and elk

There are six TSE diseased that affect people:

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