Contact your local utility company for
information on conserving energy in your home.
Compile a list of emergency numbers and keep
Homebound individuals should establish a
buddy system or arrange for a friend or relative
to check on them periodically.
If you know of
someone who is homebound it is important to
monitor his or her well-being on a
Know the symptoms of heat disorders and
overexposure to the sun, and be ready to give
first aid treatment.
During an Extreme Heat Event
Yourself When Outdoors
If you must be out in the heat, plan your
activities for either before noon or in the evening.
While outdoors, rest frequently in a shady area
to give your body's thermostat a chance to
Dress in loose fitting clothes that cover as much
skin as possible.
Light-colored clothing reflects
heat and sunlight and helps to maintain a normal body temperature.
Protect face and head by
wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
If you are unaccustomed to working or
exercising in a hot environment, start slowly and
gradually increase your pace.
If you overexert
yourself, especially if you become lightheaded,
confused, weak or faint, stop all activity and get
into a cool or shaded area.
Avoid being out in the sun for extended periods
This can lead to sunburn, which slows the skin's
ability to cool itself.
Use a sunscreen with a high
When planning a hike, or other extended
outdoor activity, remember to bring an adequate
supply of water.
If you are planning to be in a
remote location, let someone know where you
are going, and when you plan to return.
Cell phones are useful, but should not be relied upon.
Always carry emergency supplies.
Close blinds or curtains over windows that
receive morning or afternoon sun.
During extreme heat high electricity use may
lead to shortages.
If air conditioning is not
available stay out of the sunshine and remember
that electric fans do not cool, they just blow hot
Eat and Drink the Appropriate Food and
Drink plenty of water at regular intervals -
regardless of your activity level.
exercise in a hot environment, drink 2-4 glasses
(16-32 ounces) of cool fluids each hour.
Limit intake of alcoholic beverages.
alcoholic beverages actually cause further
Necessary salt and minerals are removed from
the body as it sweats.
They are easily
replaced with fruit juices and sports drinks.
Plan well-balanced light meals.
Heavy meals and
hot foods add heat to your body.
Use Common Sense
Check on the status of someone you know who
If you are homebound arrange
for someone to check in on you.
Do not leave infants, children or animals in a
parked car for any amount of time.
Dress infants and young children in cool, loose
clothing and shade their heads and faces with
hats or an umbrella.
Limit sun exposure during the midday hours
and ensure that infants and children drink
adequate amounts of liquids.
Give your pet plenty of fresh water and ensure
that it has a cool place for shelter if kept
Caution: Persons who have epilepsy or heart,
kidney or liver disease; are on fluid-restrictive or
low-salt diets; or have a problem with fluid
retention should consult a doctor before increasing
liquid intake or changing what they eat and drink.
If possible stay indoors in an air-conditioned
Keep in mind that conditions of
extreme heat can also lead to an increased demand
for electricity and therefore conservation should
always be practiced.
Consider visiting a shopping
mall or community library for a few hours if they
Electric fans may be used to draw
cool air into your home at night.
Using stoves and
ovens less will help to maintain a cooler
temperature in your home.
Cool showers and baths
are an effective way to cool off.