Chapter 5 – Water, Plumbing, and Waste
|5-3||Mobile Water Tank|
|5-4||Sewage, Other Liquid Waste, and Rainwater|
|5-5||Refuse, Recyclables, and Returnables|
|5-102||Quantity and Availability|
|5-103||Distribution, Delivery, and Retention|
5-101.11 APPROVED System
(a) Sampling and testing at least annually or as required by the state DRINKING WATER standards.
(3) Bottled water from an APPROVED SOURCE.
(1) Only for non-culinary purposes, APPROVED by the HEALTH AUTHORITY, including but not limited to air conditioning, non-FOOD EQUIPMENT cooling, fire protection, and/or irrigation.
(2) Only if installed so as to preclude the possibility of back siphonage into the DRINKING WATER system.
A DRINKING WATER system shall be flushed and disinfected before being placed in service after construction, repair, modification, or after an emergency situation including but not limited to a flood, that may introduce contaminants into the system. Written documentation certifying that the system has been disinfected shall be provided to the HEALTH AUTHORITY.
5-101.13 BOTTLED DRINKING WATER
The water source and system shall be of sufficient and constant capacity to meet the peak water demands of the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, including hot water generation and distribution systems sufficient to meet the peak hot water demands, throughout the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT as determined by Plan Review.
Pressurized water shall be provided to all fixtures, EQUIPMENT, and non-FOOD EQUIPMENT that are required to use water. Commercially BOTTLED DRINKING WATER, and closed potable water containers supplying water to a TEMPORARY FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, or to a temporary interruption of a water supply need not be pressurized.
The hot water heater shall provide water at a minimum temperature of 120°F±2° as measured at the three-compartment sink.
Water shall be received from the source through the use of:
(A) An APPROVED public water main.
(B) One or more of the following means that shall be constructed, maintained, and operated according to the most current edition of the Uniform Plumbing Code adopted by Southern Nevada and these Regulations:
(1) Non-public water main, water pumps, pipes, hoses, connections, and other appurtenances.
(2) Water transport VEHICLEs, or
(3) Water containers.
Water meeting the requirements of an APPROVED SOURCE; quality, and quantity shall be made available for a mobile facility, for a TEMPORARY FOOD ESTABLISHMENT without a permanent water supply, and for a FOOD ESTABLISHMENT with a temporary interruption of its water supply through:
(A) A supply of containers of commercially BOTTLED DRINKING WATER.
(B) One or more closed potable water containers.
(E) Piping, tubing, or hoses connected to a nearby APPROVED SOURCE.
|5-201||Materials and Installation|
|5-202||Hand Washing Sinks Installation, Location, and Use|
|5-205||Backflow and Back-Siphonage|
|5-206||Inspection and Service|
5-201.11 APPROVED Materials, System and Cleanable Fixtures
(D) Soil and waste lines shall not be installed over FOOD transport hallways or concourses, or FOOD preparation, storage, or EQUIPMENT and UTENSIL cleaning areas, unless separated by the floor immediately above, or by some other method APPROVED by the HEALTH AUTHORITY, including but not limited to the installation of trough pans under soil and waste lines which are drained to floor sinks.
5-202 HAND WASHING SINKS Installation, Location, and Use
5-202.11 HAND WASHING SINKS, Installation
(B) A steam mixing valve may not be used at a HAND WASHING SINK.
(C) A self-closing, slow-closing, or metering faucet shall provide a flow of water for at least 15 seconds without the need to reactivate the faucet.
5-202.12 HAND WASHING SINKS, Location
(B) In areas without walls, such as buffets, carving stations, and island stations, or due to EQUIPMENT configuration prohibiting conventional design, the HEALTH AUTHORITY may approve alternate HAND WASHING SINK design and placement. HAND WASHING SINKs shall be conveniently located and easily accessible to employees at all times.
(1) Located in a FOOD pick-up area.
(4) Bagging ice.
(F) All dish washing areas shall have convenient and easily accessible wall-hung HAND WASHING SINKS to allow proper hand washing after loading soiled TABLEWARE, and prior to unloading clean TABLEWARE.
(G) HAND WASHING SINKS shall be located in, or immediately adjacent to, rooms with toilets, or in toilet vestibules. Sinks used for preparing FOOD or for washing EQUIPMENT or UTENSILs may not be used for washing hands. The rinsing of FOOD and UTENSILs in HAND WASHING SINKS is prohibited.
(H) Fixed dispensers of liquid soap or detergent for cleaning hands shall be available at all HAND WASHING SINKS. Interim portable soap dispensers may be temporarily used when repairs may be required for fixed dispensers.
(I) A supply of sanitary, disposable towels for drying hands shall be conveniently located near each HAND WASHING SINK. Shared common towels are prohibited. Waste receptacles that are EASILY CLEANABLE shall be conveniently located near the HAND WASHING SINK. Cloth towels are prohibited at employee HAND WASHING SINKS.
(J) HAND WASHING SINKS, dispensers for soap, towel dispensers, and all related fixtures shall be kept clean and in good repair. Hand blow dryers shall not be used at HAND WASHING SINKS as a sole means for drying hands in areas used by employees.
(L) In areas that process or prepare raw FOOD of animal origin for consumption of as READY-TO-EAT FOOD, a separate HAND WASHING SINK shall be provided for the sole use of that operation.
5-202.13 Using a HAND WASHING SINK
(A) All service sinks, including but not limited to mop sinks and can wash stations, and all FOOD-handling sinks, including but not limited to dump sinks, blender stations, produce sinks, and other FOOD preparation sinks, shall be serviced with hot and cold running water through a mixing or combination faucet.
(B) At least one service sink, or one curbed cleaning sink equipped with a floor drain, directly connected to sewer shall be provided and conveniently located for cleaning of mops or similar wet floor cleaning tools, and for the disposal of mop water and similar liquid waste. The faucets at this sink shall be protected by a backflow prevention device. This sink shall not be used for FOOD preparation, FOOD handling, or for hand washing. Toilets and urinals may not be used as a service sink for the disposal of mop water and similar liquid waste.
5-204.11 Toilet Facilities Within FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS
(A) Owner/operators of FOOD service facilities shall provide conveniently located toilet facilities for their employees. Public restrooms may be utilized for employees provided they are within the same building, are conveniently located to the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, and are accessible to employees during all hours of the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT’s operation.
(D) A FOOD ESTABLISHMENT that provides public seating shall have separate public restrooms for males and females when 10 or more public seats are provided. Only one restroom is required if there is less than 10 seats.
(1) Public seating includes seats, benches, stools and similar furniture provided by the owner or operator of a building, mall, or similar operation for use by the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT and located within 25′ of the establishment.
(2) FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS holding existing PERMITs that were APPROVED for customer seating with a single customer restroom shall be exempt from this requirement until the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT is extensively remodeled or the existing PERMIT lapses for greater than one billing cycle.
(E) Water closets and urinals shall be of a sanitary design.
(F) Exhaust fans shall be installed in all new construction and extensively remodeled restrooms.
(G) Toilet facilities, including the toilet room and fixtures, shall be kept clean, in good repair, and free of objectionable odors.
(H) Rooms with toilets must be completely enclosed and have solid doors which must fit tightly, close automatically and remain closed except during cleaning or maintenance. Doors from rooms with toilets must not open directly into any area used for the preparation of FOOD or for the washing or cleaning of EQUIPMENT, UTENSILs or SMOOTH as specified in Chapter 6-202.14 of these Regulations
(I) A supply of toilet tissue shall be provided at each toilet at all times. EASILY CLEANABLE covered receptacles shall be provided for waste materials. Such receptacles shall be emptied at least once a day, and more frequently when necessary to prevent accumulation of waste material.
J) A toilet is not required within the facility if the lease agreement of the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT provides that the lessor will at all times provide clean and appropriately stocked and maintained toilet facilities for employees of the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT.
An air gap between the water supply inlet and the flood level rim of the PLUMBING FIXTURE, EQUIPMENT, or non-FOOD EQUIPMENT shall be a minimum of two times the diameter of the water supply inlet and may not be less than 1”.
A backflow or back-siphonage prevention device installed on a water supply system shall meet the American Society of Sanitary Engineer (A.S.S.E.) standards for construction, installation, maintenance, inspection, and testing for that specific application and type of device.
A water filter, screen, and other water condition device installed on water lines shall be designed to facilitate disassembly for periodic servicing and cleaning. A water filter element shall be of the replaceable type.
Where backflow prevention is required, an appropriate device shall be installed to prevent backflow of a solid, liquid, or gas contaminant into the public water supply system at each point of use in the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, including on a hose bib whether a hose is attached or not by:
(A) Providing an air gap with a minimum of two times the diameter of the water supply inlet, but not less than 1″.
(A) A reduced pressure zone valve assembly shall be installed upstream from a carbonator device and downstream from any water supply line containing copper.
(B) Backflow prevention devices attached to carbonator systems shall be tested and certified at least annually by a certified backflow prevention specialist. A copy of the certification shall be provided to the HEALTH AUTHORITY upon request.
(C) Backflow prevention devices shall be tagged to show the last date the assembly was tested and certified.
A backflow prevention device shall be located so that it can be easily accessed for testing, servicing, and repairs.
A water filter, screen, and other water condition devices installed on water lines shall be located to facilitate disassembly for periodic cleaning and servicing.
Except as specified in Section 5-205.15 (B) of this Chapter, a device including but not limited to a backflow prevention device or a water treatment device, shall be scheduled for inspection and service in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions, and as necessary to prevent device failure based on local water conditions. Records of inspection and/or service shall be maintained by the PERSON IN CHARGE, and a copy shall be provided to the HEALTH AUTHORITY upon request.
(A) A reservoir that is used to supply water to a device, including but not limited to a produce fogger, shall be constructed with an APPROVED backflow prevention device, and:
(1) Maintained in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications.
(2) Cleaned in accordance with manufacturer’s specifications, or according to the procedures as specified in Paragraph B of this Section.
(B) Cleaning procedures shall include at least the following steps, and shall be conducted at least once a week:
(1) Draining and complete disassembly of the water and aerosol contact parts.
(2) Brush cleaning of the reservoir, aerosol, and discharge nozzles with a suitable detergent solution.
(3) Flushing the complete system with water to remove the detergent solution and particulate accumulations.
(4) Rinsing by immersing, spraying, or swabbing the reservoir, aerosol tubing, and discharge nozzles with an APPROVED sanitizer at recommended strengths.
|5-302||Design and Construction|
|5-303||Operation and Maintenance|
5-301.11 APPROVED Materials
Materials that are used in the construction and/or repair of an APPROVED mobile water tank, mobile FOOD ESTABLISHMENT water tank, and related appurtenances shall be:
(B) Durable, corrosion resistant.
A mobile water tank shall be enclosed from the filling inlet to the discharge outlet and sloped to an outlet that allows complete drainage of the tank.
If a water tank is designed with an access port for inspection and cleaning, the opening shall be in the top of the tank, and:
(A) Flanged upward at least 1/2″.
(B) Equipped with a port cover assembly that is:
(1) Provided with a gasket and a device for securing the cover in place.
(2) Flanged to overlap the opening, and sloped to drain.
A fitting with “V” type threads on a water tank inlet or outlet shall be allowed only when a hose is permanently attached.
If provided, a water tank vent shall terminate in a downward direction and shall be covered with:
(A) 16 mesh/inch screen or equivalent when the vent is in a protected area.
(B) A protective filter when the vent is in an area that is not protected from windblown dirt and debris.
(A) A water tank and its inlet and outlet shall be sloped to drain.
(B) A water tank inlet shall be positioned so that it is protected from contaminants including but not limited to waste discharge, road dust, oil, or grease.
A hose used for conveying DRINKING WATER to a water tank shall be constructed of FOOD GRADE materials APPROVED by NSF/ANSI or equivalent, and shall be:
(B) Made of durable, non-absorbent CORROSION-RESISTANT MATERIALs.
(C) Resistant to pitting, chipping, crazing, scratching, scoring, distortion, and decomposition.
(D) Finished with a SMOOTH interior surface.
(E) Clearly and durably identified as to its use, unless permanently attached.
A filter that does not pass either oil or oil vapors shall be installed in the air supply line between the compressor and the DRINKING WATER system when compressed air is used to pressurize the water tank system.
A cap and keeper chain, closed cabinet, closed storage tube, or other APPROVED protective cover or device shall be provided for the water inlet, outlet, hose, and associated EQUIPMENT.
A water tank, pump, and hoses shall be flushed and sanitized before being placed in service after construction, repair, modification, and periods of non-use.
A water tank, pump, and hoses used for conveying DRINKING WATER shall be used for no other purpose.
|5-401||Mobile Holding Tank|
|5-402||Retention, Drainage, and Disposal|
Any SEWAGE holding tank present in a mobile FOOD ESTABLISHMENT shall be sized 15% larger in capacity than the water supply tank and sloped to a drain pipe that has a 1″ or greater inner diameter and is equipped with a shut-off valve.
FOOD ESTABLISHMENT drainage systems, including grease traps, that convey SEWAGE shall be designed, constructed, and installed according to the requirements of the most current edition of the Uniform Plumbing Code adopted by Southern Nevada and the Agency of Water Reclamation or the AGENCY OF JURISDICTION.
A direct connection shall not exist between the SEWAGE system and a drain receiving discharges from EQUIPMENT in which FOOD, portable EQUIPMENT, or UTENSILs are placed. An air gap of at least 1” shall be provided between the EQUIPMENT drain pipe and the flood level rim of the floor drain. To reduce splash at the floor drain, the drain pipe may be cut at an angle, if adequate air gap is provided.
(A) As per the regulations adopted by the Southern Nevada Uniform Plumbing Code, one or more grease traps or grease interceptors shall be installed at any FOOD ESTABLISHMENT that generates grease that could enter a sewer system.
(B) Grease traps or grease interceptors shall be EASILY CLEANABLE.
(C) A grease trap or grease interceptor shall be located outside the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT whenever possible.
(D) A grease trap or grease interceptor shall not be located in any area where FOOD is prepared, or where UTENSILs or TABLEWARE are washed or stored. Prior to installation the location shall be APPROVED by the HEALTH AUTHORITY.
5-402.14 Conveying SEWAGE
(A) SEWAGE shall be conveyed to the point of disposal through an APPROVED sanitary SEWAGE system, or other APPROVED system, including use of SEWAGE transport VEHICLES, waste retention tanks, pumps, pipes, hoses, and connections that are constructed, maintained, and operated in an APPROVED manner.
(B) Soil and waste lines shall not be installed over FOOD preparation, storage, or EQUIPMENT and UTENSIL cleaning areas, unless separated by the floor immediately above or by some other method APPROVED by the HEALTH AUTHORITY such as the installation of trough pans under roof drain lines, soil lines, and waste lines which are drained into floor sinks.
5-402.15 Gravity Drainage of Liquid Waste Effluent from EQUIPMENT to Sewer
(A) Drainage of all liquid waste effluent from EQUIPMENT to sewer shall be accomplished by gravity at not less than 1″ per 12″ of fall.
(B) Sump pumps and lift stations are not allowed for the purpose of draining FOOD service EQUIPMENT to sewer, except in the case of a lift station installed outside the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT that has been APPROVED by the building and sanitation REGULATORY AUTHORITY. In such a case, an alarm system with both audio and visual signals shall be installed within each FOOD ESTABLISHMENT serviced by the lift stations.
(D) Secondary HVAC drains, within FOOD processing or storage areas, may not terminate at the ceiling or at any place that may be a source of FOOD or UTENSIL CONTAMINATION.
5-402.16 Removing Mobile FOOD ESTABLISHMENT Waste
SEWAGE and other liquid waste shall be removed from a mobile FOOD ESTABLISHMENT only at an APPROVED waste SERVICING DEPOT or by a permitted SEWAGE transport VEHICLE in such a way that a public health HAZARD or nuisance is not created.
(A) A public SEWAGE treatment plant.
Condensate drainage and other non-SEWAGE liquids and rainwater shall be drained from the point of discharge to disposal, according to LAW.
|5-501||Facilities on the Premises|
|5-503||Facilities for Disposal and Recycling|
5-501 Facilities on the PREMISES
An outdoor storage surface for REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables shall be constructed of non-absorbent material including but not limited to concrete or asphalt, and shall be SMOOTH, durable, and sloped to drain.
An outdoor enclosure for REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables shall be constructed of durable and cleanable materials.
(A) Receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables and returnables, and for use with materials containing FOOD residue shall be durable, cleanable, insect and rodent resistant, leak proof, and non-absorbent.
(B) Plastic bags shall be used to line receptacles for storage of REFUSE and FOOD debris inside the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT. All receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables and returnables shall not create a nuisance.
(C) All receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables shall not create a nuisance.
(A) Receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables and returnables, that are used outside the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT and contain FOOD residue, shall be designed and constructed to have tight-fitting lids, doors, or covers.
(B) Receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE and recyclables, including but not limited to an on-site compactor, shall be constructed and installed so that accumulation of debris, and insect and rodent attraction and harborage, are minimized and effective cleaning is facilitated around and, if the unit is not installed flush with the base pad, under the unit.
(A) An inside storage room and area, and outside storage area and enclosure, and receptacles shall be of sufficient capacity to hold REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables that accumulate.
(B) A receptacle shall be provided in each area of the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, or PREMISES where REFUSE is generated or commonly discarded, or where recyclables or returnables are placed.
(C) If disposable towels are used at HAND WASHING SINKS, a waste receptacle shall be located at each sink, or group of adjacent sinks.
(A) Suitable cleaning implements and supplies, including but not limited to, high pressure pumps, hot water, steam, and detergent shall be provided as necessary for effective cleaning of receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables.
(A) An area designated for REFUSE, recyclables, returnables, and, except as specified in Paragraph B of this Section, a redeeming machine for recyclables or returnables shall be located so that it is separate from FOOD, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILs, LINEN, and SINGLE-SERVICE ARTICLES and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES, to ensure that a public health HAZARD or nuisance is not created.
(B) A redeeming machine may be located in the PACKAGED FOOD storage area or CONSUMER area of a FOOD ESTABLISHMENT if, FOOD, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILs, LINEN, and SINGLE-SERVICE ARTICLES and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES are not subject to CONTAMINATION from the machines and a public health HAZARD or nuisance is not created.
(C) The location of receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables shall not create a public health HAZARD or nuisance, or interfere with the cleaning of adjacent space.
5-501.19 Storing REFUSE, Recyclables, and Returnables
Storage areas, enclosures, and receptacles for REFUSE, recyclables and returnables shall be maintained in good repair.
(A) REFUSE receptacles that do not meet the requirements specified in Section 5-501.14 (A) of this Chapter, and that contain materials with FOOD residue, such as receptacles that are not rodent resistant, unprotected plastic bags, and paper bags, or baled units shall not be stored outside.
(B) Cardboard or other packaging material that does not contain FOOD residue, and that is awaiting regularly scheduled pick-up and delivery to a recycling or disposal site, shall be stored uncovered outside, if stored so that it does not create a rodent harborage problem.
Receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables shall be kept covered:
(A) Inside the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, if the receptacles and units:
(1) Contain FOOD residue and are not in continuous use.
(2) After they are filled.
(B) With tight-fitting lids or doors if placed outside the FOOD ESTABLISHMENT.
Drains in receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables shall have drain plugs in place.
5-501.24 Maintaining REFUSE Areas and Enclosures
(A) Receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables and returnables shall be thoroughly cleaned in a manner that does not contaminate FOOD, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILs, LINEN, or SINGLE-SERVICE ARTICLES and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES, and waste water shall be disposed of as specified in Section 5-402.14 of this Chapter.
(B) Soiled receptacles and waste handling units for REFUSE, recyclables and returnables shall be cleaned at a frequency necessary to prevent them from developing a build-up of soil or from attracting for insects, rodents, and other vermin.
REFUSE, recyclables, and returnables shall be removed from the PREMISES at a frequency that will minimize the development of objectionable odors and other conditions that attract or harbor insects, rodents and other vermin.
5-502.12 Receptacles or VEHICLES
(A) Portable receptacles that are constructed and maintained according to LAW.
(B) Solid waste shall be recycled or disposed of in a permitted public or private community recycling or Solid Waste facility which is sized, constructed, maintained, and operated according to LAW.
Updated on: October 11, 2018