Bottling Plants

Basic Requirements – Walls, Floors, Ceilings: NAC 445A.5465 Requirements for construction, design and maintenance of plant.

  1. The structures and buildings of a plant must be suitable in size, construction and design to ensure adequate maintenance and sanitary operations for the treatment and bottling of water.
  2. The floors, walls and ceilings of a plant must be:
    1. In good repair;
    2. Smooth;
    3. Light in color;
    4. Nonabsorbent; and
    5. Easily cleanable.
  3. The working space of a plant must be adequate to prevent contamination of water and surfaces which come in contact with water.
  4. All surfaces in the plant which do not come into contact with water must be kept free of accumulated dust, dirt and other debris.
  5. The lighting in the rooms of a plant where equipment is cleaned and water is processed must be:
    1. At least equal to 50 foot-candles; and
    2. Equipped with safety bulbs or shields.
  6. The lighting in locker rooms, toilet rooms and handwashing areas of a plant must be at least equal to 20 foot-candles.
  7. The grounds of a plant must be maintained in a neat and sanitary condition with adequate drainage and dust control.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 9-15-94

Approved Water Source: NAC 445A.548 Quality of water used for bottling; inspections; sampling. All water used for bottling must be:

  1. Obtained from a source which has been developed in a safe and sanitary manner;
  2. Inspected regularly, in accordance with the regulations of the State Board of Health on the supply of potable water; and
  3. Sampled, analyzed and found to comply with the standards set forth in NAC 445A.550 to 445A.554, inclusive.

Menu Revue: NAC 445A.556 Labeling requirements.

  1. Each operator shall submit his proposed label for each type of bottled water he sells or distributes in this state to the appropriate health authority for its approval before the label is used.
  2. The label must contain:
    1. The name and location of the bottling company;
    2. The number of the permit issued to the operator or distributor by the health authority;
    3. The source of the water, if not processed;
    4. For demineralized or distilled water, the method of purification used;
    5. The date the water was bottled, expressed in code or otherwise; and
    6. If the water has been treated, a statement of the substances added. If it is not possible to include the statement on the label of a returnable bottle, the statement must be included on the back of the receipt which is given to the customer.
  3. If the water is mineral water:
    1. It must be plainly labeled as such; and
    2. In addition to the requirements of subsection 2, the label must list the results of the chemical analysis of the water which:
      1. Has been filed with the appropriate health authority; and
      2. Shows the type and amount of any mineral present in the water which is in excess of the state requirements for potable water, including a listing for sodium if the water contains more than 200 milligrams per liter.
  4. Bottled water containing a substance in an amount which is considered injurious to health is deemed to be adulterated whether or not the bottled water bears a statement on its label of the substandard quality.

Approved Treatment Equipment: NAC 445A.557 Treatment and sampling of water before bottling; inspection of equipment.

  1. The treatment of water before bottling, whether the treatment is by distillation, filtration, exposure to ultraviolet light, reverse osmosis, carbonation, ozonization, addition of minerals or any other process, must be performed in and by equipment and with substances which will not adulterate the bottled product.

Sanitizing Equipment – requirements: NAC 445A.559 Minimum requirements for sanitization.

  1. The operator shall sanitize all equipment, containers and other surfaces which come into contact with processed water.
  2. The operator shall maintain a record of the intensity of the sanitizing agent used and the length of time during which the agent was in contact with the surface being sanitized.
  3. The minimum requirements regarding the intensity of the sanitizing agent used and the time the agent must be in contact with the surfaces which are required to be sanitized are:
    1. If the sanitization is by steam or hot water in an enclosed system, exposure to 170 degrees Fahrenheit for 15 minutes or 200 degrees Fahrenheit for five minutes.
    2. If the sanitization is by immersion or circulation in a chemical solution, the solution must be equivalent in bactericidal action to a two minute exposure of 50 milligrams per liter of available chlorine at 57 degrees Fahrenheit.
    3. If the sanitization is by chemicals which are applied as a spray or fog, the chemicals must be equivalent in bactericidal action to a two minute exposure of 100 milligrams per liter of available chlorine at 57 degrees Fahrenheit.
    4. If the sanitization is by immersion in a solution of 0.1 mg/l ozone water in an enclosed system, exposure for five minutes.
  4. When a container is sanitized with a substance other than one listed in 21 C.F.R. § 178.1010, as that provision existed on April 1, 1993, the substance must be removed from the surface of the container in the final rinse before the container is filled with the treated water. The rinse must consist of water which is free of pathogenic bacteria or sanitized by one of the methods listed in subsection 3.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

Bottling Room:

NAC 445A.564 Separation of bottling rooms from other operations. The bottling room must be separated from other operations and storage areas by tight walls, ceilings and self-closing doors, unless the bottles are washed and filled within a machine that provides a filtered and positive flow of air which prohibits exposure of the bottles to air outside the machine. The opening in the room for any conveyor must not exceed the size which is required to permit passage of the containers.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

NAC 445A.565 Prevention of contamination of the water. If the treatment of the water is conducted in other than a sealed system which is under pressure, the operator shall provide adequate protection to preclude contamination of the water and the system.

NAC 445A.566 Ventilation. The operator shall provide ventilation which is adequate in the processing rooms, bottling rooms and in the areas in which the containers are washed and sanitized to prevent condensation and contamination of the bottled water.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

NAC 445A.567 Washing and sanitizing operations. The operator shall wash and sanitize the containers in an enclosed room. The washing and sanitizing operation must be positioned within the room so as to minimize any possible contamination of the containers after they have been sanitized and before they enter the bottling room. Open containers which have been sanitized must be protected from contamination.

NAC 445A.568 Separation of certain rooms from those used for domestic purposes. The rooms in which processed water is handled or stored and the rooms in which containers, utensils or equipment are washed or stored must not open directly into any room which is used for domestic purposes.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82 – Substituted in revision for NAC 445.318

Approved water supply to building

NAC by NAC 445A.569 Sources of water used in plants.

  1. Each plant’s supply of:
    1. Water which is to be processed; and
    2. Water which is used to operate the plant, must be from an approved source which is:
      1. Properly located, protected and operated;
      2. Easily accessible;
      3. Of an adequate amount; and
      4. Of a safe and sanitary quality which conforms with the applicable laws and regulations of the health authority.
  2. The operator shall have the source of the water used in his plant analyzed pursuant to NAC 445A.555, unless the source is a public water system. If the water is from a source other than a public water system, the operator shall analyze it for microbiological contaminants at least once each week. These analyses must be performed by a laboratory certified by the board pursuant to this chapter and are in addition to any performed by the health authority.
  3. The operator shall maintain at the plant a record of the approval of the operator’s analyses by the health authority.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94 Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

Equipment Components – Requirements: NAC 445A.570 Suitability of equipment and utensils; construction of surfaces contacting processed water; standards for equipment; requirements for storage tanks.

  1. All equipment and utensils used in the plant must be suitable for their intended use.
  2. All surfaces which come in contact with the processed water must be:
    1. Constructed of nontoxic and nonabsorbent material so that they can be adequately cleaned and sanitized; and
    2. Kept free of accumulated dust, dirt and other debris.
  3. All equipment which is installed in a plant after October 1, 1994, must comply with the applicable standards of the National Sanitation Foundation as those standards existed on July 1, 1994. If there is not an applicable standard of the National Sanitation Foundation for a type of equipment, the equipment must be approved by the health authority. The applicable standards of the National Sanitation Foundation are hereby adopted by reference. A copy of those standards may be obtained from the National Sanitation Foundation, P.O. Box 13040, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48113-0140, at the following prices:
    1. Standard No. 44 Caltron Exchange Water Softeners, $20.
    2. Standard No. 51 Plastic Materials and Components Used in Food Equipment, $30.
    3. Standard No. 55 Ultraviolet Microbiological Water Treatment Systems, $30.
    4. Standard No. 58 Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water Treatment Systems, $20.
    5. Standard No. 60 Drinking Water Treatment Chemicals-Health Effects, $45.
    6. Standard No. 61 Drinking Water System Components-Health Effects, $45.
    7. Standard No. 62 Drinking Water Distillation Systems, $20.
  4. All storage tanks must be kept closed to prevent contamination. A vent on a storage tank must be filtered with a filter that is easily cleanable or replaceable.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

NAC 445A.571 Quality of pressurized air used during processing or which contacts water. Pressurized air which is directed at processed water or at a surface which comes into contact with the water must be free of oil, dust, rust, excessive moisture and extraneous materials. The air must not affect the bacteriological quality of the water and must not adversely affect the flavor, color or odor of the water.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82 – Substituted in revision for NAC 445.324

Employee Areas: NAC 445A.572 Lockers and lunchrooms; storage of personal items.

  1. If an operator provides lockers or lunchrooms for his employees, these facilities must be separate from the processing and storage areas and must be equipped with self-closing doors. The operator must maintain the lunchrooms and rooms which contain the lockers in a clean and sanitary condition and provide containers for refuse in the rooms. The operator must not store packaging or wrapping material or other processing supplies in those rooms.
  2. The operator shall ensure that clothing or other personal items are stored in areas other than those areas where water is processed, treated or bottled or equipment or utensils are washed.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

Waste disposal approved / Plumbing Systems / Backflow: NAC 445A.573 Sewage disposal. The operator shall dispose of the plant’s sewage through:

  1. Public sewerage; or
  2. A system of sewage disposal which is constructed and operated in conformance with applicable laws, ordinances and regulations and is approved by the health authority.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

NAC 445A.574 Piping and draining.

  1. The piping for the water which is used in the operation of the plant must not be directly connected with any supply of nonpotable water. The piping for any nonpotable water must be adequately and durably identified as such by, for example, the use of distinctive yellow paint. The piping which carries nonpotable water must not be connected to equipment in the bottling and processing areas or have an outlet in those areas.
  2. The piping which carries potable water must be installed in such a manner as to preclude the possibility of back siphonage.
  3. Unless there is a nonpermeable ceiling which separates the pipe and those areas; a pipe for the disposal of sewage must not be installed over:
    1. The areas in which the water is processed or stored; and
    2. The areas in which the equipment and containers are cleaned
  4. There may be no direct connection between the sewerage and any drains originating from equipment in which portable equipment or utensils are placed.
  5. Drain lines from equipment must not be permitted to discharge wastewater in a manner that will flood or flow across a floor of the plant.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

Restrooms: NAC 445A.575 Toilet rooms.

  1. Toilets must be conveniently located within the same building as the plant and must be accessible to employees at all times. The toilet rooms must be completely enclosed and must have tight-fitting, self-closing doors. The doors must not:
    1. Be left open except during cleaning or maintenance; or
    2. Open directly into a processing and bottling area or an area where equipment is washed.
  2. The operator shall install an exhaust fan which is vented to the outside of the plant in each toilet room he constructs after October 1, 1994.
  3. The operator shall keep the toilet room and its fixtures clean, in good repair and free of objectionable odors.
  4. The operator shall provide a supply of toilet tissue at each toilet at all times.
  5. The operator shall provide easily cleanable receptacles for waste materials. Such a receptacle in a toilet room for women must be covered. The receptacles must be emptied at least once a day and more frequently when necessary to prevent the excessive accumulation of waste material.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82; A 9-15-94

Hand-washing Outside RR: NAC 445A.576 Lavatories.

  1. The operator shall provide a lavatory which is located within or immediately adjacent to all toilet rooms. In each plant which is constructed or extensively altered after October 14, 1982, a lavatory must also be located within the processing area. The lavatories must be adequate in size and number and located so as to permit convenient and expeditious use by all employees.
  2. Every lavatory must be provided with hot and cold or warm running water. Where hot and cold running water is provided, there must also be a mixing valve or combination faucet in any lavatory constructed after October 14, 1982. A sign which reminds employees to wash their hands must be posted near each lavatory.
  3. The operator shall provide an adequate supply of hand soap or detergent for each lavatory. The operator shall provide an adequate supply of sanitary towels or an approved hand-drying device, which must be located near the lavatory. The use of common towels is prohibited. Where disposable towels are provided, waste receptacles must be located nearby.
  4. The operator shall keep each lavatory, soap dispenser, hand-drying device and other components of the hand-washing facility clean and in good repair.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82 – Substituted in revision for NAC 445.334

Waste Disposal / Vermin Control: NAC 445A.577 Storage, disposal of garbage.

  1. The operator shall store all garbage and rubbish so that it is inaccessible to vermin. The storage facilities must be adequate. The operator shall keep them clean and shall not permit them to constitute a nuisance.
  2. The storage rooms or enclosures must be constructed of easily cleanable materials. The floors and the walls, at least to the level reached by splash or spray, must be made of relatively nonabsorbent materials. Any containers for garbage which are kept outside the storage facility must be stored on a concrete slab or on a rack which is, for a single bank of containers, at least 12 inches above the ground and, for a multiple bank of containers, 18 inches above the ground.
  3. The operator shall dispose of the plant’s garbage and rubbish daily, or at such other intervals as may be approved by the health authority. He shall do so in such a manner as to prevent a nuisance.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82 – Substituted in revision for NAC 445.336

NAC 445A.578 Vermin. The operator shall use effective measures to minimize the presence of vermin on the premises. The operator shall keep the premises in a condition which prevents the entrance, harborage and feeding of vermin. The operator may use pesticides and rodenticides only as approved by the health authority.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82 – Substituted in revision for NAC 445.338

NAC 445A.579 Flying insects.

  1. The operator shall protect all openings in the plant to the outer air against the entrance of flying insects. He shall use self-closing doors, closed windows, screening, controlled air currents or other effective means.
  2. Any screening used must be not less than 16-mesh or its equivalent. Screen doors to the outer air must be self-closing. Screens for windows, doors, skylights, transoms and any other openings to the outer air must fit tightly and be free of breaks.

Added to NAC by Bd. of Health, eff. 10-14-82 – Substituted in revision for NAC

Contact Information

(702) 759-1258


Updated on: October 11, 2018